Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection of Georgia
According to the constitution of 1995, Georgia has taken commitment to protect the fundamental human right - to live in healthy environment and enjoy the natural and cultural surroundings, to receive complete and objective information on about their work place and living environment, promote the rational and sustainable use of natural resources. The Law on Environmental Protection was adopted in 1996.
In Georgia the State Committee of Nature Protection was established in 1974 as the first state environmental agency. The main activities of the Committee were state control and intersectoral coordination functions. The Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Georgia was established in 1991. In 2011 it became the Ministry of Environment Protection of Georgia.
One of the most important goals of the Ministry is to support sustainable development of the country in the field of environment; to organize environmental planning system; to elaborate and implement state policy, target programs, strategy of environmental protection for sustainable development, national environmental action programs and management plans in the field of environmental protection and natural resources; to protect and preserve unique landscapes and ecosystems, rare and endangered species of flora and fauna that are characteristic for the country, biodiversity, atmospheric air, water, land and mineral resources; to implement public administration (regulation, registration, supervision and control) on waste management and chemicals; to follow the Georgian legislation in the field of environmental protection and to implement the international commitments within its competence.
In terms of public relations, the Ministry of Environment Protection of Georgia provides public access to environmental information, their participation in environmental decision-making process and to support development of environmental education and raising environmental awareness.
Nowadays Ministry of Environment Protection coordinates 15 international environmental conventions among the convention ratified by Georgia, 3 protocols and 3 agreements to these conventions. In addition, the Ministry carries out certain actions and participates in environmental activities under 7 international environmental conventions and protocols, which are not ratified by Georgia yet.
The Ministry of Environment Protection of Georgia presents National Report on State of Environment (SoE) in every 3 years which is a document summarizing the information about the environmental situation in Georgia. The document reflects the main trends in environmental policy, provides information on environmental quality, ongoing environmental projects and consequences of environmental activities.